Based on Statistic Agency data in 2015, solid fuel use in Indonesia's household was still dominant. Women and girls have high health risk due to solid fuel use in the kitchen, such as woods, coal, animal dung, among others.
In 2015, weather phenomenon El Nino triggered hotspots. Fires were inevitable resulted to 18,000 hectares of Mawas Conservation Program burned down. Consequently, wild orangutans moved to other parts of the forest to survive.