Wetlands ecosystem has yet to have important role in Indonesia as most of them turned into plantation, settlement, and infrastructure while it has high biodiversity and provide water and germplasm for humans.
The sea stores enormous potential, including as a provider of protein sources. The problem is that development and population growth make marine polluted and cause problems, one of which is eutrophication.
For the past three years of Joko Widodo-Jusuf Kalla administration, infrastructure development which has been the core of its policy has instead put more threats on farmers and fishermen as food producers, said activists.
Endang Sukara, senior researcher on microbiology of Indonesian Institute for Sciences (LIPI) said that despite of ratifying Nagoya Protocol in 2013, Indonesia has yet to set up national strategic plan on Access Benefit Sharing (ABS).